Dec-18-2017
Sources

SOURCES FOR FURTHER STUDY OF FEDERAL LAND MANAGEMENT LAW ENFORCEMENT HISTORY (many of these sources are now deposited in the Public Lands Foundation archives in Phoenix, AZ)

 

PUBLISHED MATERIALS

 

13 BLM Rangers Become Law Enforcement Officers, article in California State Office Newsbeat newsletter, 1978.

 

1905 Use Book, U.S. Forest Service, Washington, DC, 1905, available on Forest History Society webpage.

 

1962 Yearbook of Agriculture, The Forest Ranger, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, 1962.

 

250 Watch "Rebellion" Dozer Cut BLM Land, Deseret News, July 5, 1980.

 

451 Carcasses Found by BLM: Slaughter of Wild Horses Draws Outrage in Nevada, Robert A. Jones, Los Angeles Times, October 20, 1988. Available at http://articles.latimes.com .

 

A Bill to Clarify the Authority of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service in Regard to Law Enforcement and for Other Purposes, discussion draft, July 30, 1991.

 

Address Concerns Over BLM’s Proposed Enforcement Revisions, Congressman Helen Chenoweth, Speaker’s Corner, Idaho Statesman, January 31, 1997.

 

The Administration of the General Land Office, 1812-1911, Francis Harding White, Phd. Thesis, Harvard University, 1912.

 

Agencies Should Aim to Increase Approval, not Federal Police Forces, Senator Larry Craig, Speakers Corner, Idaho Statesman, May 1995.

 

Agency Head Admits Wolf-Probe Errors, The Associated Press, Idaho Statesman Newspaper, March 11, 1995.

 

Ah, Wilderness! – but Not Right Here – Southern Utah residents are waging war against a planned national monument area, The Washington Post National Weekly Edition, December 15, 1996.

 

Aldo Leopold, His Life and Work, Curt Meine, The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI, 1988.

 

All the Vanishing Horses, Anne Goodwin Sides, Jurisprudence, Outside Magazine, August 1996.

 

America’s National Monuments, The Politics of Preservation (Chapter 2), Pothunters and Professors, National Park Service, available at http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/

 

An Analysis of Common Assumptions about BLM’s Draft Law Enforcement Regs., Kim Fondren, Staff Attorney, Office of the Solicitor, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC, February 1997.

 

Analysis, Review, and Recommendations of Off-Road Vehicles on Public Lands, a position paper, Richard Barbar, Jerry Boggs, George Detsis, Mark Lawrence, Jerry Harrell, and Steve Smith, BLM California State Office. June 8, 1979.

 

An Assessment of Proposed BLM Law Enforcement Regulations, Western States Foundation, Washington, DC, March 1997.

 

Audit Report – Selected Law Enforcement Activities, Bureau of Land Management, Report No. 94-I-1351, U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of Inspector General, September 1994.

 

Bandelier NM: An Administrative History (Chapter 1), The Open Plateau, National Park Service, available at http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/

 

Behind the Tough Western Myth – A Cry Baby – Region screams for what it wants, Jon Margolis, The Chicago Tribune, January 15, 1995.

 

Bikers Kick Up Dust Over Canceled Desert Run; 10 Arrested, Los Angeles Times, November 25, 1990.

 

Bill Seeks to Increase Power and Number of Desert Rangers, Riverside Press-Enterprise Newspaper, 1976.

 

Blanding Police will Probe Handling of Area Artifacts Raids, The Associated Press, May 1986.

 

BLM 9260, Law Enforcement (release 9-230), BLM 9261, Law Enforcement Standards, (release 9-231), BLM 9262, Law Enforcement Operations (release 9-232), H-9262-1, Law Enforcement Field Operations (release 9-233), Arnold Petty, Deputy Director, Management Services, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, September 21, 1984.

 

BLM Annual Report for 1984, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, 1984.

 

BLM Annual Report for 1991, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, 1991.

 

BLM Annual Report for 1993, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, 1993.

 

BLM Bullies, Statement of Congressman Jim Gibbons, Congressional Record – House, May 14, 1997, page H2615, available at www.gpo.gov .

 

BLM California Annual Report for 1985, Bureau of Land Management, California State Office, Sacramento, CA, 1985.

 

BLM–Forest Service Raids on Private Homes in SE Utah Will Cause Bitterness for Years–No Matter Who was Right, Western Prospector & Miner, Beaver, Utah, May 1986.

 

BLM Law Enforcement Ranger Program, Memorandum, William Clark, Secretary of the Interior, Washington, DC, May 9, 1984.

 

BLM Law Enforcement Rules Proposal Strongly Opposed, Livestock Weekly, available at http://www.livestockweekly.com .

 

BLM Rangers Will Not Patrol Illegal Motorcycle Race, Riverside Press-Enterprise, November 29, 1980.

 

BLM Trespass Manual, 9230, U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, April 7, 1971.

 

Buffaloed by the Land-Use Bullies, guest editorial by Jeff DeBonis, Director of Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility, The New York Times, July 7, 1995.

 

Bundy Standoff, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bundy_standoff

 

 

Bundy Verdict Puts a Target on the Backs of Federal Workers, New York Times, Christopher Ketcham, October 31, 2016.

 

 

The Bureau of Biological Survey, Its History, Activities and Organization, Jenks Cameron, John Hopkins Press, Baltimore, MD, 1929

 

Bureau of Land Management Proposed Law Enforcement Regulations: Analysis of Certain Misconceptions, BLM Public Affairs Office, Washington, DC, March 1997.

 

Bureau of Land Management Rangers Step Up Enforcement on Off Road Violators, Off-Road Advertizer Newspaper, September, 1980.

 

Burning Our Forests is the Best Way to Save Them, Arizona Daily Star, December 6, 2009, available at http://www.oraclefire.org

 

The California Desert, A Recreation Study of the Desert Public Domain Lands of California, California State Office of the BLM and the Western Regional Office of the National Park Service. November 1968.

 

The California Desert, article in Living with Our Environment, Department of the Interior, Conservation Yearbook No. 12, 1978/1979.

 

California Desert Rangers, Office of the Secretary, Memo of Chris Carlson to Secretary Cecil Andrus, January 23, 1978.

 

California Desert Rangers, Office of the Secretary, Memo of Joe Nagle to Secretary Cecil Andrus, January 25, 1978.

 

California Desert Rangers, Office of the Secretary, Memo of Secretary Cecil Andrus to Acting BLM Director, January 25, 1978.

 

California Desert Rangers, Office of the Secretary, Memo of Secretary Cecil Andrus to Acting BLM Director through the Assistant Secretary of Land and Water Resources, February 16, 1978.

 

California Newsbeat, California State Office Newsletter, Bureau of Land Management, Sacramento. CA, September 1988.

 

California Resource Protection Plan, Ed Hastey, California State Director, Bureau of Land Management, Sacramento. CA, June 1984.

 

Campaign Against Marijuana Planting (Camp), Annual Reports, 1983 through 1996, available at the Humboldt State University Library special collections section titled "Marijuana Research Collection - CAMP Reports," available at http://library.humboldt.edu .

 

The Chaco Canyon Thirty-Five Years Ago, Paul A.F. Walter, El Palacio 34 (April 26 - May 3, 1933); 127 - 135.

 

Chenoweth: Park Worker Protection Bill "Redundant," Marty Trillhaase, The Idaho Statesman, May 20, 1995.

 

Chenoweth Rips Federal Agents’ Methods, C.J. Karamargin, Idaho Statesman Newspaper, March 18, 1995.

 

Chenoweth Says Bill on Agents Misrepresented, Idaho Statesman, July 1995.

 

Chenoweth Wants BLM to Clarify New Regulations, Rocky Barker, Idaho Statesman, January 23, 1997.

 

Circular of Instructions Relating to Timber Reservations, U.S. Department of the Interior, General Land Office, May 15, 1891.

 

Classification Consistency Review Requirement of Full-Time Refuge Law Enforcement Officers, U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, December 1995.

 

Classification Guidance for Park Ranger Positions in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers, Washington, DC, May 4, 1987.

 

Classification of Law Enforcement Officers, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC, August 22, 1989.

 

Coal Trespass in the Eastern States – More Federal Oversight Needed, Report by the Comptroller General, U.S. General Accounting Office, Report #EMD-79-69, Washington, DC, May 25, 1979.

 

Coalition Fights Proposal to Cut BLM Law Officers, Scott Sonner, Associated Press, June 12, 1995.

 

Colorado Law Enforcement Workgroup, Memorandum to Walter Johnson, Bob Schmidt, Associate District Manager, Bureau of Land Management, Montrose, CO, July 2, 1985.

 

Columnist Clouds Discussion with Hysterics, Hyperbole, Congressman Helen Chenoweth, Idaho Statesman, June 16, 1995.

 

Common Misconceptions: Proposed Law Enforcement Rule, BLM Regulatory Management Office, February 1997.

 

Compilation of Laws, Regulations and Decisions Thereunder, Relating to the Establishment of Federal Forest Reserves, Secretary of the Interior, Department of the Interior, General Land Office, Government Printing Office, 1903.

 

Comprehensive Law Enforcement Review and IACP Report, Director, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, memorandum, Washington, DC, November 27, 2000.

 

Congress Report: Forest Service Caters to Logging Companies on Timber Thefts, Associated Press, April 1993.

 

Counterdrug Strategy – Illusive Victory: From Blast Furnace to Green Sweep, William W. Mendel, Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, KS, article published in Military Review magazine, December 1992. Available at http:/fmso.leavenworth.army.mil/documents/illusive.htm .

 

County Sets Inquest in Slaying, Pasadena Star-News, September 22, 1941.

 

Court Puts Down Rebellion Over Control of Federal Land, Timothy Egan, New York Times, March 16, 1996.

 

Court Reaffirms U.S. Ownership and Management of Public Lands, Rules for U.S. in Nye County, Nevada Lawsuit, Press Release, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC, March 15, 1995.

 

Crimes Against Nature, Squatters, Poachers, Thieves, and the Hidden History of American Conservation, Karl Jacoby, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, 2001.

 

Criminal Complaint, United States v. Ammon Bundy, Jon Ritzheimer, Joseph O'Shaugnessy, Ryan Payne, Ryan Bundy, Brian Cavalier, Shawna Cox, Peter Santilli, United States District Court, District of Oregon, January 26, 2016.

 

Criminal Complaint, United States v. Cliven D. Bundy, United States District Court, District of Nevada, February 11, 2016.

 

Criminal Indictment, United States v. Cliven D. Bundy, Ryan C. Bundy, Ammon E. Bundy, Ryan W. Payne, Peter Santilli, United States District Court, District of Nevada, February 17, 2016.

 

County to Open Road into Study Area as "Symbolic Gesture", Moab, UT Times-Independent, July 3, 1980.

 

Crack Down Now on Outdoor Thieves, New Mexican newspaper, July 29, 1995.

 

Craig Has Plan for Lands Senator Unveils Proposal to Rewrite Forest Management Act, Ken Olsen, The Spokesman-Review, December 10, 1995, available at http://www.spokesman.com .

 

Craig Rebuts Reporter’s Interpretation of Comments on Guns, Agents, Meredith Cohn, States News Service, Idaho Statesman, May 6, 1995.

 

Craig: Take Away Rangers’ Guns – There’s a "Healthy Fear" of Armed Federal Agents in West, Senator Says, Scott Sonner, The Associated Press, Idaho Statesman, May 5, 1995.

 

Crime in Federal Recreation Areas – A Serious Problem Needing Congressional and Agency Action Report, Comptroller General of the United States, General Accounting Office, Report #GGD-77-28, Washington, DC, June 21, 1977.

 

Cultural Resources Law Enforcement, An Emerging Science, Second Edition, Dee F. Green and Polly Davis, U.S. Forest Service, Southwest Region, Albuquerque, NM, 1981.

 

Cultural Resources, Problems Protecting and Preserving Federal Archeological Resources, Report to Congressional Requesters, RCED-88-3, U.S. General Accounting Office, December 15, 1987.

 

Decision - BLM Ranger Birds of Prey Area, Memo from Secretary of the Interior Cecil Andrus to the BLM Director through the Assistant Secretary, Land and Water Resources, October 4, 1978.

 

Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Law Enforcement (Criminal) on Public Lands and Resources; Final Rule, Federal Register, Vol. 45, No. 93, pages 31276-31281, Monday, May 12, 1980.

 

Department of the Interior, Departmental Manual, Part 446 Law Enforcement, December 20, 1974.

 

Desert Ranger Training Graduation, Bureau of Land Management, Riverside City College, Riverside County Sheriff’s Department, July 26, 1974.

 

Desert Shadows, The Bizarre and Frightening Story of Charles Manson, Bob Murphy, Falcon Press, Billings, MT, 1986.

 

Destruction of Natural Features Without Authorization Case File, Lakeside, CA, District Ranger Dennis McLane, Bureau of Land Management, May 1, 1984.

 

Disquieting State of Disorder: An Assessment of Department of the Interior Law Enforcement, report no. 2002-I-0014, Earl Devaney, Inspector General, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC, January 14, 2002.

 

District of Idaho U.S. Attorney Betty H. Richardson Letter to Owyhee County Sheriff Tim Nettleton, U.S. Department of Justice, District of Idaho, June 7, 1995.

 

Documentation of Responsibilities for Enforcement of Drug Laws, Personnel Management Bulletin No. 88-96, U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of the Secretary, Washington, D.C., May 23, 1988.

 

Documentation of Responsibilities for Enforcement of Drug Laws, Instruction Memorandum No. 88-495, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, D.C., June 17, 1988.

 

Don’t Disarm Rangers, Our View – The Salt Lake Tribune’s Editorial Position, Salt Lake Tribune, May 11, 1995.

 

Draft Law Enforcement Ranger Expansion Briefing, Briefing Paper, Leeroy Allen, Acting Chief of Law Enforcement, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, 1983.

 

Early Administration of the Forest Reserve Act: Interior Department and General Land Office Policies, 1891-1897, Jim Muhn, former BLM historian, published as an article in Origins of the National Forests: A Centennial Symposium, edited by Harold K. Steen, Forest History Society, Durham, North Carolina, 1992.

 

Early Day Experiences in the U.S. Forest Service, unpublished manuscript, Robert Harvey Abbey.

 

Early History of Taylor Grazing Act in Colorado, Charles F. Moore, Evert L. Brown, and Henry E. Snyner, available at http://www.rangebiome.org/genesis/colohist.html

 

Enforcement of the Public Land Laws, Report of the Attorney General, U.S. Department of Justice, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1917.

 

The Enforcement Provisions of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, Searching for Meaning After 25 Years, Dennis McLane, October 2001.

 

Ernest Britten: Best of the Breed, John Henneberger, published in Ranger: The Journal of the Association of National Park Rangers, Summer 1989.

 

Establishment of Departmentwide Law Enforcement Program, memorandum from Under Secretary of the Interior John C. Whitaker, Washington, DC, December 13, 1973.

 

Evitte Dumas Nix, United States Marshal, Part 2, Thomas R. Holland.

 

The Evolution of National Wildlife Law, Michael J. Bean and Melanie J. Rowland, Praeger Publishing, Westport, CT, 1997.

 

Expansion of Bureau of Land Management Law Enforcement Ranger Program, Memorandum, Robert Burford, Director, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, March 9, 1984.

 

Expansion of Bureau of Land Management Law Enforcement Ranger Program, Memorandum, Robert Burford, Director, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, March 19, 1984.

 

Expansion of Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Law Enforcement Ranger Program, Memorandum, Robert Smoak, Chief, Division of Enforcement and Security Management, Department of the Interior, Washington, DC, March 19, 1984.

 

Expansion of Law Enforcement Ranger Program, Memorandum, Mary L. Walker, Deputy Solicitor, Department of the Interior, Washington, DC, April 27, 1984.

 

Expansion of Law Enforcement Ranger Program, memorandum to Garrey E. Carruthers, Assistant Secretary from Mary L. Walker, Deputy Solicitor, U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of the Solicitor, April 27, 1984.

 

Expansion of Ranger Law Enforcement Authority, Memorandum, Ed Hastey, CA State Director, Bureau of Land Management, Sacramento, CA, August 20, 1982.

 

Federal Agents’ Growing "Arsenal" Upsets Chenoweth – House Panel Wonders Why Some Carry Guns, Ken Miller, Gannett News Service, Idaho Statesman, August 3, 1995.

 

Federal Lands, Enhanced Planning Could Assist Agencies in Managing Increased Use of Off-Highway Vehicles, GAO-09-509, Report to the Subcommittee on National Parks, Forests and Public Lands, Committee on Natural Resources, House of Representatives, U.S. General Accounting Office, Washington, DC, June 2009.

 

Federal Lands: Information About Law Enforcement Activities, Resources, Community and Economic Development Division, U.S. General Accounting Office, Washington, DC, July 3, 1997.

 

Federal Law Enforcement Badges, Kenneth W. Lucas, Sr., self published, Beltsville, MD, 1991.

 

Federal Law Enforcement – Investigative Authority and Personnel at 32 Organizations, General Government Division, U.S. General Accounting Office, Washington, DC, July 22, 1997.

 

Federal Law Enforcement on Public Lands, Reality or Mirage?, Paul B. Smyth, Arizona Law Review, College of Law of the University of Arizona, Volume 21, number 2, 1979.

 

Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Graduation Ceremony – Police Training Program Class 9PT-112, U.S. Department of the Treasury, Glynco, GA, October 23, 1991.

 

Federal Legislative Jurisdiction, Report Prepared for Public Land Law Review Commission, Land and Natural Resources Division, United States Department of Justice, Washington, DC, May 1969.

 

Federal Protection of Public Timber in the Upper Great Lake States, Lucile Kane, 1949, reprinted by permission from Agricultural History Society and Minnesota Historical Society, reprinted in The Public Lands, Studies in the History of the Public Domain, Vernon Carstensen, The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin, 1968.

 

Federal Rangers Rarely Fire Their Guns, Records Show, Richard Keil, Associated Press, article published in Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Idaho Statesman, San Francisco Chronicle, etc., June 5, 1995.

 

Federal Rangers Under Attack – Facts Don’t Stop Congressmen from Making Charges, Law and Order Magazine, September 1997.

 

Final Report of the Attorney General’s Committee on Administrative Procedure, Attorney General Robert H. Jackson, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1941.

 

Fireman’s Guide, Fire Handbook, California Region, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, 1954.

 

The First Ranger, Adventures of a Pioneer Forest Ranger, C. W. Guthrie, Redwing Publishing, Huson, MT, 1995.

 

"For the Work We Have Done":Frank Pinkley and the Transformation of Montezuma Castle National Monument, Joshua M. Protas, Journal of the Southwest, Winter, 1998.

 

Forensics Laboratory, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, available at http://www.lab.fws.gov/history.php

 

Forest and Range Policy, Its Development in the United States, Samuel Trask Dana. The American Forestry Series, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, NY, 1956.

 

Forest Reserve Manual for the Information and Use of Forest Officers, approved by the Secretary of the Interior April 12, 1902, General Land Office, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 1902.

 

Forest Service Ignoring Big Timber Thefts?, Sacramento Bee Nespaper, April 12, 1993.

 

Forest Service Law Enforcement Organizational Study, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, August 1989.

 

Forest Service Official Dies in Manhunt, Bonner County Daily Bee, January 13, 1989.

 

Free Spirit on the Move, article in In Touch With People, U.S. Department of the Interior, Conservation Yearbook Series No.9, Washington, DC, 1973.

 

From Blazing Trails to Building Highways: SUWA v. BLM & Ancient Easements over Federal Public Lands, Tova Wolking, Ecology Law Quarterly, Regents of the University of California, 2007.

 

Future National Agenda for Law Enforcement, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Post Falls, Idaho, October 1988.

 

FY 91 Potential Ranger Add-on, Dennis McLane, Budget Capability Statement, Bureau of Land Management, Law Enforcement and Resource Protection, Washington, DC, November 7, 1990.

 

FY1996 Capability Statement for Resource Protection and Law Enforcement and Budget Recommendations for the Bureau of Land Management Fiscal Year 1996, U.S. Department of the Interior, Management of Lands and Resources Appropriation, May 23, 1995.

 

Game Wars, The Undercover Pursuit of Wildlife Poachers, Marc Reisner, Penguin Books, New York,1991.

 

The General Land Office, Its History, Activities, and Organization, Milton Conover, The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, MD, 1923.

 

Get Tough on Timber Theft, Chris Bowman, Sacramento Bee, April 19, 1993.

 

Gov. Miller Vetoes Bill, Lets U.S. Agents Enforce Laws, Idaho Statesman, June 1995.

 

Grave Responsibility, Bart Fitzgerald is in hot pursuit of raiders of Native American burial sites, People Magazine, June 10, 1996.

 

Grave Robber Sentenced, Associated Press, December 15, 1995.

 

Group Ties BLM to Horse Slaughter – Activists Allege Agency Coverup, Martha Mendoza, The Associated Press, Albuquerque Journal, September 20, 1995.

 

Hearing Enforces Right of Police Raids, The Associated Press, The New Mexican Newspaper, October 20, 1987, available at the Newspaper Archive at http://www.newspaperarchive.com .

 

Hearing Takes On Militant Militias, Saul Friedman, New York Newsday, July 12, 1995.

 

Helen Has a Gavel and Agencies in Denial About Epidemic of Violence, Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility, PEEReview, Spring 1997.

 

Historical Background, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Law Enforcement, October 2001.

 

History of Public Land Law Development, Paul W. Gates, Public Land Law Review Commission, Washington, DC, November 1968.

 

History of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Undercover Investigations (unpublished manuscript), David L. Hall, Slidell, LA, June 19, 1989.

 

Home Away From Home: A History of Basque Boardinghouses, Jeronima Echeverria, University of Nevada Press, 1999.

 

Home Rule on the Range, Early Days of the Grazing Service, Marvin Klemme, Vantage Press, New York, 1984.

 

Horses Criminal Case Shut Down, Martha Mendoza, Associated Press, March 23, 1997. Available at http://www.igha.org .

 

Hot Logs; The New Timber Cops, Law on a Bicycle, American Forests Magazine, September/October 1994.

 

House Resources Committee Moves Park Reform, BLM Authorization, and Alaska Power Administration Sale, CEHP Incorporated, Washingto, DC, 1995.

 

H.R. 260 – National Park System Reform Act of 1995, 104th Congress (1995-1996), THOMAS (Library of Congress), January 4, 1995, available at http://thomas.loc.gov .

 

H.R. 260 – National Park System Reform Act of 1995, 104th Congress, Report together with Additional and Dissenting Views (to accompany H.R. 260), House of Representatives, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, June 7, 1995.

 

H.R. 2360 – United States Fish and Wildlife Service Law Enforcement Clarification and Enhancement Act of 1993, 103th Congress (1993-1994), THOMAS (Library of Congress), June 9, 1993, available at http://thomas.loc.gov .

 

H.R. 4157 – To transfer the lands administered by the Bureau of Land Management to the State in which the lands are located, 103rd Congress (1993-1994), THOMAS (Library of Congress), March 24, 1994, available at http://thomas.loc.gov .

 

Idaho Statesman Newspaper, September 27, 1891, Boise, Idaho, published by Newsbank, 2004, available at http://infoweb.newsbank.com

 

Idaho Statesman Newspaper, December 5, 1922, Boise, Idaho, published by Newsbank, 2004. Available at http://infoweb.newsbank.com.

 

I’ll Never Fight Fire with my Bare Hands Again, Recollections of the First Forest Rangers of the Inland Northwest, Hal K. Rothman, University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, 1994.

 

Illegal And Unauthorized Activities On Public Lands – A Problem With Serious Implications, U.S. General Accounting Office, CED 82-48, March 10, 1982, Washington, DC.

 

Implementing the Antiquities Act: A Survey of Archeological Permits 1906-1935, National Park Service, see Chapter 3: Exploring the Implementation of the Act, available at http://www.nps.gov/archeology/pubs/studies/study02C.htm.

 

Initial Report of the Law Enforcement Ranger Task Force, Bureau of Land Management, Division of Fire and Protection Management, February 11, 1977.

 

Inquest Told How Ranger was Shot, Pasadena Star-News, September 25, 1941.

 

 

Instruction 5525.17, Conservation Law Enforcement Program, U.S. Department of Defense, Washington, DC, October 17, 2013.

 

 

Insurgencies, The West Is Wild Again, The Federal Government is faced with localities willing to fight for what they believe is their land, Christopher John Farley, Time Magazine, March 20, 1995.

 

Interim Law Enforcement Program Guidance, Organic Act Directive No. 77-38, George Turcott, BLM Associate Director, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, May 12, 1977.

 

Interim Law Enforcement Program Guidance, Organic Act Directive No. 77-38, Change 2, Frank Gregg, BLM Director, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, March 13, 1978.

 

Interior Dept. Faulted on Sept. 11 Response – Senator Urges Law Enforcement Revamp, Eric Pianin, Washington Post, May 8, 2002. Available at http://www.washingtonpost.com .

 

Interior Department Struggles to Upgrade Its Police Forces, Joel Brinkley, New York Times, November 4, 2002. Available at http://www.nytimes.com .

 

Interior Eyes Police Overhaul – Report Condemns Command Structure, Mike Soraghan, Denver Post, April 1, 2002. Available at http://www.denverpost.com .

 

Interview with Chairman James Hansen, Bill Halainen, Ranger: The Journal of the Association of National Park Rangers, Spring 1995.

 

In the Indian Southwest, Heritage Takes a Hit, Timothy Egan, The New York Times, November 2, 1995, available at http://www.nytimes.com .

 

Investigation Is Dropped In Plan to Sell Wild Horses, The New York Times, July 28, 1996. Available at http://www.nytimes.com .

 

Kane Near Deal with BLM on Road Signs, Joe Baird, Salt Lake Tribune, December 21, 2005, available at http://www.sltrib.com .

 

The Kingdom in the Country, James Conway, Houghton Miffin Company, Boston, 1987.

 

Klump Country Blues, A Southern Arizona Family Faces Off with the Feds Over Land-Use Rights and the Role of the Government, Tim Vanderpool, Tucson Weekly, Tucson, AZ, May 20, 2004. Available at http://www.tucsonweekly.com/

 

Land Grabbers, Toadstool Worshippers, and the Sagebrush Rebellion in Utah, 1979-1981, Jedediah S. Rogers, master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, August 2005, available at http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu.

 

Law Enforcement Field Guide, California Region, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, June 1974.

 

Law Enforcement in a Decentralized Multiple Use Agency – A Task Force Report, BLM Law Enforcement Organizational Study, Division of Management Research, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, January 31, 1990. BLM Director Cy Jamison decision Document released in Instruction Memorandum No. 90-541, July 17, 1990.

 

Law Enforcement in a New Century and a Changing World – Improving the Administration of Federal Law Enforcement, Report of the Commission on the Advancement of Federal Law Enforcement, Washington, DC, January 2000.

 

Law Enforcement Positions, IM No. 75-209, George Turcott, Associate Director, Bureau of Land Management, May 8, 1975.

 

Law Enforcement Program Study, United States Park Rangers, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC, March 8, 2000.

 

Law Enforcement Ranger Task Force, Bureau of Land Management, Director Curt Berklund, Organic Act Directive No. 77-1, January 3, 1977.

 

Law Enforcement Staff Visit of the Bureau of Land Management California Desert Conservation Area, Department of the Interior, Division of Enforcement and Security Management, Washington, DC, June 30, 1982.

 

Law Enforcement Study Report, memorandum from BLM Director, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, December 26, 1973.

 

Law Enforcement Study Team Meeting Tentative Agenda, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, December 19, 1973.

 

Law Enforcement Study Team Meeting Tentative Agenda, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, January 8, 1974.

 

Law Enforcement Study, Volume I, Basic Report, Volume II, Implementation and Operation Desert Ranger Force, Volume III, Supporting References, Bureau of Land Management, California State Office, July 1971.

 

Lawman Len Sims, Alone on the Range, Hunts the Killers of Nevada’s Wild Mustangs, Monty Brower and Bill Shaw, People Magazine, November 21, 1988. Available at http://www.people.com .

 

 

Law of Nature, John Harper Philben, Philben Films, Umbrella Films, 1986.

 

LE Organization, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Memorandum, October 6, 1993.

 

 

Leaders of Oregon Wildlife Refuge Standoff are Acquitted of Federal Charges, Los Angeles Times, Matt Pearce and Rick Anderson, October 28, 2016.

 

 

Legislative History of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, at 54-63 (1978).

 

Letter from Congressman Jim Hansen to Secretary of the Interior Bruce Babbitt, James V. Hansen, Chairman, Subcommittee on National Parks and Public Lands, U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Resources, Washington, DC, May 11, 1997.

 

Letter from the Assistant Secretary of the Army to the Speaker of the House of Representatives,

 

Transmitting the Report on Visitor Protection Services at Corps of Engineers Lakes, Washington, DC, July 2, 1975. Available at http://bulk.resource.org/gao.gov

 

Letter from the Secretary of the Interior to the Speaker of the House of Representatives,

 

Transmitting the draft language of the "Fish and Wildlife Law Enforcement Clarification Act of 1993, with section by section analysis, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC, December 1993.

 

Letter Issued by H.M. Teller, Secretary and N.C. McFarland, Commissioner, Department of the Interior, General Land Office, Washington, D.C., 1883.

 

Letter from Forest Service Chief to Congressman Sidney R. Yates, Chairman, Subcommittee on Interior and Related Agencies, F. Dale Robertson, Chief, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, response to a Congressional report on U.S. Forest Service Administration of Timber Contracts, Washington, DC, April 21, 1993.

 

Letter From Senator Charles Grassley to Secretary of the Interior Gale Norton, United States Senate, Committee on the Judiciary, Washington, DC, June 12, 2002.

 

Letter to Congressman Don Young, Chairman for Committee on Resources, Congressman George Miller, Minority member of the Committee on Resources, U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, DC, May 8, 1995.

 

Letter to Director of the Office of Personnel Management from the Secretary of the Interior, Bruce Babbitt, Secretary of the Interior, Washington, DC, August 2, 1993.

 

Looters of the Public Domain, Stephen. A. D. Puter and Horace Stevens, The Portland Printing House, Portland, OR, 1908. Puter was the self described "King of the Oregon Land Fraud Ring" and he describes many land fraud cases in great detail including the names of special agents.

 

Mackay Miner Newspaper, October 8, 1919, October 15, 1919, March 10, 1920, March 24, 1920, October 20, 1920, Mackay, Idaho, available at the Idaho State Historical Society.

 

Managers at Interior Resisting Law Enforcement Change, Senator Says, Kellie Lunney, Government Executive, October 11, 2002. Available at http://www.govexec.com .

 

Manual of Instructions to Special Agents of the General Land Office, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. , 1905.

 

Marijuana Crackdown on BLM Lands is Paying Off, Idaho Statesman Newspaper, Boise, ID, 1990.

 

Marijuana Worth $36 Million Seized by Authorities in Idaho, New York Times, New York, NY, September 01, 1997. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/ .

 

May Confiscate Relics, The New York Times, September 18, 1901, available on-line.

 

Medford District Site of Oregon’s Cannibis War, BLM News, Oregon and Washington, Bureau of Land Management, Oregon State Office, Portland, OR, September 1985.

 

Memorandum – Proposed BLM Regulations on Law Enforcement, Pamela Bsldwin, American Law Division, Congressional Research Service, The Library of Congress, Washington, DC, March 4, 1997.

 

Migratory Birds Made Sitting Ducks by Interior, Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility, PEEReview, Spring 1998.

 

Military Takes Part in Drug Sweep and Reaps Critcism and a Lawsuit, Katherine Bishop, New York Times, New York, NY, August 10, 1990. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/ .

 

Memo to BLM Director Curt Berklund from FBI Director Clarence M. Kelley, Washington, DC, March 21, 1974.

 

Memo to FBI Director Clarence M. Kelley from BLM Director Curt Berklund, Washington, DC, March 12, 1974.

 

The Mojave, A Portrait of the Definitive American Desert, David Darlington, Henry Holt and Company, New York, NY, 1996.

 

Motorcyclists Arrested in Desert Protest, The San Bernardino Sun Newspaper, November 25, 1990.

 

The Murder of Richard Wetherill, Available at http://wetherillfamily.com/murder_of_richard_wetherill.htm

 

Muscle for BLM Rangers, Western Outdoor News newspaper, Newport Beach, CA, April 28, 1978.

 

National Drug Control Budget, FY 2002 Summary, Office of National Drug Control Strategy, Washington, DC, April 2001.

 

National Drug Control Strategy, Reclaiming Our Communities from Drugs and Violence, Office of National Drug Control Strategy, Washington, DC, February 1994. Available http://books.google.com .

 

The National Drug Control Strategy, 1997; FY 1998 Budget Summary, Office of National Drug Control Strategy, Washington, DC, 1997.

 

National Forest System Law Enforcement Advisory Council Report, chartered by the Forest Service, October 11, 1989.

 

National Management Strategy for Motorized Off-Highway Vehicle Use on Public Lands, U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, January 2001.

 

National Park Ranger, American Icon, Charles R. "Butch" Farabee, Jr., Roberts Rinehart Publishers, Lanham MD, 2003.

 

National Park Service Organizational Position on Law Enforcement in the Protection Ranger Workforce, James M. Ridenour, Director, National Park Service, Washington, DC, January 15, 1993.

 

National Park Service Uniforms, In Search of an Identity, 1872-1920, Number 2, R. Bryce Workman, National Park Service History Collection, Harpers Ferry, WV, 1994.

 

National Park System Reform Act of 1995, House of Representatives Report 104-133, 104th Congress, June 7, 1995, available at http://ftp.resource.org/gpo.gov/reports .

 

National Wildlife Refuge System Law Enforcement Program Reforms, Director’s Order No. 155, U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC, July 16, 2003.

 

 

Natural Defense, U.S. Air Force Origins of the Department of Defense Natural Resources Conservation Program, Jean A. Mansavage, Washington, D.C., 2014.
 

 

Natural Resources Management Gateway, Visitor Assistance Program Summary, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, available at http://corpslakes,usace.army.mil/employees/visitassist/pback.cfm

 

Nature and Threat of Violent Government Groups in America, Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Crime of the Committee on the Judiciary House of Representatives, November 2, 1995, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

 

New Mexico Wild Horse and Burro Program, memorandum, Chief of BLM Law Enforcement Walter Johnson to Deputy Assistant Inspector General for Investigations, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, June 18, 1993.

 

No More BLM!! Why the Management of All Federal Lands Need to be Returned to the States, Starting with Bureau of Land Management Lands, Jim Faulkner, Federal Lands Update, National Federal Lands Conference, December 1994.

 

Notes, Time Magazine, August 19, 1985 available at http://www.time.com .

 

Notice of Proposed Rule, Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Prohibitions: Law Enforcement Support Activities, Federal Register, Vol. 59, No. 32, Wednesday, February 16, 1994.

 

Notice of Proposed Rule, Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Law Enforcement – Criminal, Federal Register, Vol. 61, No. 217, Thursday, November 7, 1996, Proposed Rules, page 57605.

 

N.S.A. Supports Ongoing Cooperative Law Enforcement Efforts Among Federal, State and Local Law Enforcement Authorities and Federal Resource Management Agencies, National Sheriff’s Association Resolution 1995-25, adopted at a general membership meeting on June 14, 1995, San Antonio, Texas.

 

Occupation of the Malheur National Wildife Refuge, Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocupation_of_the_Malheur_National_Wildlife_Refuge

 

Of Teapot Dome, Wind River and Fort Chaffee: Federal Oil and Gas Resources, A Home Study Course for Continuing Professional Development, Laura Lindley, American Association of Professional Landmen, Fort Worth, TX, available at www.landman.org

 

Officers Aren’t Needed – Other law enforcement agencies are doing the work of the BLM, why duplicate services?, Opposing View, Rep. Don Young, The Idaho Statesman, June 1995.

 

Officials Plan Sagebrush Protest, Salt Lake City Tribune, July 3, 1980, Senator Rakes BLM Plan to "Police Range", Salt Lake City Tribune, July 1, 1980.

 

Off-Road Vehicles on Public Lands, David Sheridan, Council on Environmental Quality, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1979.

 

One Third of the Nation’s Land: A Report to the President and to the Congress, Public Land Law Review Commission, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1970.

 

The Ontario Argus Observer Newspaper, May 24, 1934 - April 15, 1927, microfilm #7, available at the Ontario Community Library, Ontario, OR.

 

Operation Ghost Dancer: The Use of Active Duty Army Forces in Marijuana Eradication, Lieutenant Colonel Henry J. Richter, U.S. Army, U.S. Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA, March 11, 1991.

 

Operation Ghost Dancer, Memorandum to Governor Neil Goldschmidt, The Adjutant General, Major General Raymond F. Rees, Oregon National Guard, July 23, 1990. Available at http://arcweb.sos.or.us/doc/records/governors.

 

Operation Green Sweep – Citizen Soldiers Recruited to Fight in War on Drugs, Michael Isikoff, Washington Post, Washington, SC, August 19, 1990. Available at http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/ .

 

Operation Green Sweep, Wikipedia. Available at http://en.wikipedia.org/ .

 

Operation ORVAC, Recommendations and Guidelines for Management of Off-Road Vehicles on Public Domain Lands in California, Off-Road Vehicle Advisory Council, U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, California State Office, February, 19, 1970.

 

Opportunity and Challenge:The Story of BLM, James Muhn and Hanson R. Stuart, Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, September 1988.

 

Oregon Land Fraud Trails (1904-1910), Oregon History and Culture, found at http://www.oregonencyclopedia.org

 

Oregon Officials Go After Pot Operations in Forests, Associated Press, The Seattle Times, Seattle, WA, August 31, 1990. Available at http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/ .

 

Our Threatened Inheritance, Natural Treasures of the United States, National Geographic Society, Washington, DC, 1984.

 

Oversight Hearing on Forest Service Law Enforcement, before the Subcommittee on Forest and Forest Health, House of Representatives, June 23, 1998, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

 

Oversight Review - Law Enforcement Group, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of Inspector General, Washnigton, DC, July 1, 1988.

 

Owyhee County Sheriff, BLM Tangle – Nettleton Says Feds Don’t Need Guns, Charles Etlinger, Idaho Statesman, June 8, 1995.

 

Ownership of the Public Domain Lands – A Guide for BLM Employees, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC Office, February 13, 1995.

 

Paul Kroegel - First Refuge Employee, Conservation History, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Conservation Training Center, May 2009.

 

Peril in the West: Enforcing Environmental Laws Gets Scary – Rangers, Other staffers harassed and threatened by angry people from "wise use" groups, Jon Margolis, The Chicago Tribune, November 24, 1994.

 

Perspectives on Law Enforcement in Recreation Areas, Lawrence C. Hadley, Deputy Assitant Director, National Park Service, Washington, DC, 1970

 

A Pictorial History of the U.S. Forest Service 1891-1945, Northern Region, A. Richard Guth and Stan B. Cohen

 

Pocatello Tribune Newspaper, October 19, 1920, Pocatello, Idaho, available at the Idaho State Historical Society.

 

Police Chiefs Reject Idea of Disarming Feds, Idaho Statesman, July 1, 1995.

 

Policing the National Parks, 21st Century Requirements, The International Association of Chiefs of Police, October 2000.

 

Policy Objectives of the Wise Use Movement and The Agenda, Wise Use Agenda, Scott Silver, Executive Director of Wild Wilderness, Bend, OR, available at http://www.wildwilderness.org/wi/wiseuse.htm .

 

Policy on Uniforms, Bureau of Land Management, Instruction Memo 78-154, Associate George Turcott, March 23, 1978.

 

Policy Statement on the Classifications and Qualifications of BLM Rangers, James M. Parker, Associate Director, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, October 3, 1985.

 

Power to Protect Natural Resources, The Camfield Decision & Interior Land Management, Chris Fontecchio, DOI Office of the Solicitor, article published in the Department of the Interior Newsletter People, Land, and Water.

 

Power to the Sheriffs, Helen Says, Dan Popkey, Idaho Statesman, June 8, 1995.

 

President’s Council on Integrity and Efficiency, Quality Standards for Investigations, Office of Management and Budget (OMB), January 27, 1988.

 

A Program Analysis of the BLM’s Law Enforcement Program, Office of Program Evaluation, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, December 26, 1978.

 

Proposal for Execution Reorganization Plan No. 3, Rex. L. Nicholson, U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, 1946.

 

Proposed Ranger Positions in the Yuma District, Darwin Snell, Yuma District Manager, Bureau of Land Management, Yuma, AZ, October 2, 1985.

 

Protecting the National Wildlife Refuge System, Law Enforcement Requirements for the 21st Century, The International Association of Chiefs of Police, December 2000.

 

Protection and Management of Public Domain, Administration of Grazing Districts, Marion Clawson, reprinted in The Public Lands, Studies in the History of the Public Domain, Vernon Carstensen, The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin, 1968.

 

Protection and Management of Public Domain, Bureau of Land Management, 1947-1948, Marion Clawson, reprinted in The Public Lands, Studies in the History of the Public Domain, Vernon Carstensen, The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin, 1968.

 

Private Grazing and Public Lands, The Management of Public Lands in the United States, Wesley Calef, Arno Press, A New York Times Company, 1979.

 

The Public Domain, Its History, with Statistics, Thomas Donaldson, Public Land Commission, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1884.

 

Public Land Laws Passed by Congress from April 1, 1882 to January 1, 1890 with the Important Decisions of the Secretary of the Interior and Commissioner of the General Land Offices, Henry N. Copp, Editor and Publisher, Washington, DC, 1890.

 

Public Land Statistics, U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1961 to 1971 editions.

 

Public Lands, Public Heritage, The National Forest Idea, Alfred Runte

 

Purchase Order to the National Sheriff’s Association, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, June 25, 1976.

 

Purchase Order to the National Sheriff’s Association, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, July 5, 1978.

 

Putting Federal Agents at Risk, Editorial, Chicago Tribune, June 12, 1995.

 

Rangeland Management, BLM Efforts to Prevent Unauthorized Livestock Grazing Need Strengthening, Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on National Parks and Public Lands, Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, House of Representatives, RCED-91-17, U.S. General Accounting Office, December 7, 1990.

 

Ranger Futures Concept Paper, Acting Director, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, memorandum, May 13, 1993.

 

Ranger Law Enforcement Authority, Bureau of Land Management, Memo from BLM Director to the Secretary of the Interior through the Assistant Secretary, Land and Water Resources, August 11, 1978.

 

The Ranger of the Future, Ranger Future Work Group, National Park Service, Washington, DC, April 1993.

 

Ranger Program, Bureau of Land Management, Memo of California State Director Ed Hastey, December 12, 1977.

 

Ranger Program, Bureau of Land Management, Issue paper of the California State Office, 1980.

 

Ranger Program Implementation, Bureau of Land Management, Memo of California State Director Ed Hastey, October 4, 1977.

 

Ranger Program - Training and Law Enforcement Meeting, Bureau of Land Management, Memo of California State Director Ed Hastey, December 12, 1977.

 

Ranger Station Fire Ruled Arson, Oregonian, Portland, OR, November 5, 1996.

 

Recommendations to the Secretary for Implementing Law Enforcement Reforms, A Report Prepared by the Secretary’s Law Enforcement Review Panel, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC, July 19, 2002.

 

Recording Indicates Rancher, Not Agents, Aggressive, Idaho Statesman Newspaper, September 14, 1995.

 

Records of the Bureau of Land Management, Records Group 49, National Archives and Records Administration, record finding guide, see 49.3.15 Records of Division "P" (Timber Depredations and Special Services Division).

 

Recreation Visitor and Resource Protection Staff Study, Darrell E. Lewis, Chief, Division of Recreation, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, July 2, 1976.

 

Red Rock Canyon Recreation Lands Law Enforcement Problems, Memorandum, Las Vegas District Manager, Bureau of Land Management, Las Vegas, NV, April 1, 1982.

 

Red Rock Canyon Recreation Lands Law Enforcement, Memorandum, Kemp Conn, Las Vegas District Manager, Bureau of Land Management, Las Vegas, NV, July 26, 1983.

 

Red Rock Canyon Recreation Lands Law Enforcement, Memorandum, Ed Spang, NV State Director, Bureau of Land Management, Reno, NV, August 26, 1983.

 

Red Rock Canyon Recreation Lands Law Enforcement Program, Memorandum, Ed Spang, NV State Director, Bureau of Land Management, Reno, NV, May 24, 1982.

 

Rep. Chenoweth Claims BLM Exceeded Bounds of Authority, Associated Press, Idaho Statesman, December 13, 1996.

 

Report of Select Committee on Appropriations for Employees Engaged in the Detection and Prevention of Fraud in and Depredations Upon the Public Service, House of Representatives, Report No. 2320, March 3, 1909, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1909.

 

Report of the Law Enforcement Ranger Task Force, J.H. Richardson, Chief, Division of Fire and Protection Management, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, April 14, 1977.

 

Report of the Law Enforcement Ranger Task Force, Bureau of Land Management, Chief, Division of Fire and Protection, Instruction Memo 77-205, April 14, 1977.

 

Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 1886-1887, Yellowstone National Park, Moses Harris.

 

Report on Increased Crime on Federal Public Land, Office of Investigative Agency Policies, U.S. Marshals Service, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC, March 1997.

 

Report on the Evaluation of the BLM Desert Rangers, Bureau of Land Management, California State Office, team members: Tom Owen, John Deans (special agent), Tom Lewis, Ed Smith, Bob Stewart, and John Rumps, August 29, 1979.

 

A Report on the Role of County Sheriffs in Law Enforcement on the Public Lands Owned and Under Control of the Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Department of the Interior, National Sheriffs’ Association, Washington, DC, April 1979.

 

Reported Relative Marijuana Occurrence, 1981-1985, National Forest System and Related Data, U.S. Forest Service.

 

Response to Comments on the Rangers Futures Concept Paper, Ranger Futures Working Group, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Memorandum, November 2, 1993.

 

Response to Senate Report 105-227, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Law Enforcement & Investigations, October 1999.

 

The Roots of Wise Use and County Supremacy, Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility, PEEReview, Spring 1995.

 

Roster of Field Officers, District Land Offices, U.S. General Land Office, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1918.

 

The Ruin of the West, How Republicans are Plundering our Public Lands, Christopher Ketcham, Harper’s Magazine, February 2015.

 

Rules and Regulations Governing Public Use of Water Resource Development Projects Administered by the Chief of Engineers, 36 CFR part 327, U.S. Government Printing Office, September 3, 1985.

 

Rules of Procedure for the Trial of Misdemeanors Before United States Magistrates, Supreme Court of the United States, Monday, April 14, 1980, Administrative Office of the United States Courts, Washington, DC.

 

The Scope of Congress' Constitutional Power Under the Property Clause: Regulating Non-Federal Property to Further the Purposes of National Parks and Wilderness Areas, Blake Shepard, Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review, Volume 11, Number 3, April 1984.

 

Secretary Babbitt Directs BLM to Halt Action, Go Bsck to the Drawing Board With Law Enforcement Regulations, press release, U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of the Secretary, Washington, DC, March 11, 1997.

 

Senate Report 105-227, Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Bill, FY1999, June 26, 1998.

 

Showdown in Cattle Country, The Klumps Have Run Cows on Public Land for Decades. Now They’re Telling the Government They Own it, Paul Rubin, Phoenix New Times, Phoenix, AZ, June 24, 1992. Available at http://www.phoenixnewtimes.com/

 

Solitary Patrols of the Desert Rangers, Riverside Press-Enterprise Newspaper, November 28, 1982, Riverside, CA.

 

Son of Commissioner is Charged with Dealing in Ancient Indian Artifacts, Deseret News, Salt Lake City, Utah, June 12, 1986, available at the Google News at http://www.news.google.com .

 

Special Law Enforcement Retirement as it Relates to BLM Rangers, Dennis McLane, Bureau of Land Management, Law Enforcement and Resource Protection, Washington, DC, January 8, 1990.

 

Standoff with Forest Service Settled – Local-Federal Dispute Over Bulldozed Sites Resolved, Common Ground Magazine, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Spring 1998.

 

State Restrictions – Don’t Hurt Federal Law Enforcement, Las Vegas Sun, June 20, 1995.

 

Statement of Congressman George Miller – Senior Democrat Member Committee on Resources, News Release, Washington, May 9, 1995.

 

Statement of Congressman George Miller, made on the floor of the House of Representatives, Washington, June 7, 1995.

 

Statement of Sylvia Baca, Acting Director - Bureau of Land Management Law Enforcement Oversight Hearing Before House Committee on Resources, Subcommittee on National Parks and Public Lands, Sylvia Baca, statement drafted by Dennis McLane in conjunction with the BLM public affairs and congressional affairs offices, Washington, DC, May 15, 1997.

 

Summary and Findings on Visitor Protection Services at Corps of Engineers Lakes, Report of the Secretary of the Army, Washington, DC, December 1974. Available at http://bulk.resource.org/gao.gov

 

Task Force Report on Law Enforcement, Eugene V. Zumwalt and James H. Richardson, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, March 1, 1974.

 

Ten Arrested as Bikers, Rangers Square Off, Riverside Press-Enterprise, November 25, 1990.

 

This Land is Whose Land? – From out of the West comes a strike force of Congressmen and Senators who think natural resources ought to be exploited, not coddled, Richard Lacayo, Time Magazine, October 23, 1995.

 

Timber Theft in the Pacific Northwest Region of the U.S. Forest Service, A Report to the Committee on Appropriations, U.S. House of Representatives, Surveys and Investigations Staff, December 1988.

 

To The Citzens of Harney County, Oregon, Billy J. Williams, Acting United States Attorney, District of Oregon, Department of Justice, January 2016.

 

Trespass Handbook, U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, April 1950.

 

Troops to Aid in Marijuana Raids, Associated Press, The Bulletin Newspaper, Portland, OR, August 10, 1990. Available at http://news,google.com/ .

 

Unauthorized Activities on Hardrock Claims, Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Mining and Natural Resources, Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, House of Representatives, RCED-90-111, U.S. General Accounting Office, December 7, 1990.

 

Uncle Sam’s Cabins, Les Joslin, Maverick Publications, Inc., Bend, OR, 1995.

 

Uniforms - Standardization, Bureau of Land Management, Instruction Memo CA 78-85, California State Director Ed Hastey, March 23, 1978.

 

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Nathaniel P. Reed and Dennis Drabelle, Westview Press, Boulder and London.

 

United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Law Enforcement Advisory Commission, Report of Findings and Recommendations, June 1990.

 

United States Sues Nye County, Nevada to Reaffirm Control Over Federal Lands and Quell Intimidation of Federal Employees, Press Release, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC, March 8, 1995.

 

Unrest in the West – Welcome to Nevada’s Nye County, whose angry residents are spearheading the region’s charge against Washington, Erik Larson, Time Magazine, October 23, 1995.

 

U.S. Forest Service Administration of Timber Contracts, R.W. Vandergrift, Jr. and L. Michael Welsh, Surveys and Investigations Staff, House Committee on Appropriations, Washington, DC, June 1992.

 

U.S. Forest Service History, Men Who Matched the Mountains: The Forest Service in the Southwest, available at http://www.foresthistory.org

 

U.S. Forest Service – Independence Still Lacking in Law Enforcement Organization, Testimony, GAO/T-OSI-94-1, Richard C. Steiner, Director of Special Investigations, General Accounting Office, Washington, DC, October 5, 1993.

 

U.S. Probes Shooting of Wild Horses, Associated Press, Los Angeles Times, September 29, 1988. Available at http://articles.latimes.com .

 

U.S. Rangers, The Law of the Land, The History of Law Enforcement in the Federal Land Management Agencies, Paul D. Berkowitz, C.A.T. Publishing Company, Redding, CA, January 1995.

 

Use of Rangers Outside the California Desert Conservation Area, Memorandum, James M. Parker, Acting Director, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC, May 1984.

 

Utah Counties Bulldoze the BLM, Park Service, Larry Warren, High County News, October 1996, available at http://www.hcn.org .

 

Utah Pothunter Indicted Again, The Associated Press, The New Mexican Newspaper, November 24, 1994, available at the Newspaper Archive at http://www.newspaperarchive.com .

 

Victims Testify About Antigovernment Terrorism, Democratic Forum Hears Tales of Harassment, Officials Tell of Militia Harassment, Lori Montgomery, Detroit Free Press, July 12, 1995.

 

Violent Crimes Threaten Corps of Engineers Parks, Chet Bridger, Federal Times, August 15, 1994.

 

Visitor Protection Services at Corps of Engineers Lakes, A Report to the Congress from the Secretary of the Army, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, July 1975. Available at http://bulk.resource.org/gao.gov

 

Visitor and Ranger Safety Review, Final Report, U.S. Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers, October 1995.

 

The War Against the Greens, David Helvarg, Sierra Club Books, San Francisco, CA, 1994.

 

Who Gets to Keep 105 Seized Artifacts? Judge to Let 3 Blanding Residents to Decide, Marianne Funk, Deseret News, Salt Lake City, UT, March 5, 1994.

 

A Wild Horse Story, Animal People Magazine, November 1995. Available http://www.animalpeoplenews.org .

 

The Wilderness Warrior, Theodore Roosevelt and the Crusade for America, Douglas Brinkley, HarperCollins Publishers, New York, 2009.

 

Wildlife Law Enforcement, William F. Sigler, Wm. C. Brown Publishers, Dubuque, IA, 1972.

 

Wildlife Protection, Enforcement of Federal Laws Could be Strengthen, GAO/RCED-91-44, General Accounting Office, Washington, DC, April 26, 1991.

 

With Liberty and Firepower for All, Mark Dowie, Outside Magazine, November 1995.

 

Wolf Hearing Underlies Endangered Act Tension, Statesman Wire Service, Idaho Statesman Newspaper, March, 1995.

 

Wolf Probe Attracts Congress’ Attention, Charles Etlinger, Idaho Statesman Newspaper, March 10, 1995.

 

Yosemite Chief’s Firing Tied to Ranger Morale, Crime; Ronald B. Taylor, Los Angeles Times, January 29, 1986.

 

Your Right About One Thing, Congressman: This Was No Picnic, Guy Gugliotta, Washington Post, June 24, 1997, available at www.washingtonpost.com .

 

LAWS AND CASES

 

Act of October 21, 1970, Establishment of the King Range National Conservation Area, Public Law 91-476, 91st Congress, H.R. 12870, 94 Stat 67.

 

Annotated United States Codes, footnotes under 16 USC 604 for Cotton v. US, West Law Publishing.

 

Annotated United States Codes, footnotes under 18 USC 1853 for US v. Redy, West Law Publishing.

 

Annotated United States Codes, footnotes under 16 USC 602 for Stephenson v. Little, West Law Publishing.

 

Annotated United States Codes, footnotes under 43 USC 1457 for U.S. v. Schlierholz, West Law Publishing.

 

Annotated United States Codes, under 43 USC 1061 - 1066, West Law Publishing.

 

Annotated United States Codes, see notes under 18 USC 1857, West Law Publishing.

 

Annotated United States Codes, under 16 USC 559, 33 Stat. 873), West Law Publishing.

 

Annotated United States Codes, under 16 USC 433, 34 Stat. 225; 18 USC 1854, 1855, 1856 and 1858, 25 Stat. 1098 and 1099; 43 USC 1457; 43 USC 1062; 18 USC 1859; 43 USC 1063, West Law Publishing.

 

Annotated United States Codes, under 43 USC 315a, 48 Stat. 1270, West Law Publishing.

 

Annotated United States Codes, under 18 USC 1852, West Law Publishing.

 

Annotated United States Codes, under 16 USC 460l-6a, West Law Publishing.

 

Annotated United States Codes, under 16 USC 670j, West Law Publishing.

 

Annotated United States Codes, under 16 USC 1331-1340, West Law Publishing.

 

Annotated United States Codes, under 43 USC 1733, West Law Publishing.

 

Camfield v. United States, 167 U.S. 518, 1897.

 

Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, Public Law 94-579 (90 STAT. 2743), see section 303 (43 USC 1733).

 

Frederick A. Hyde and Joost H. Schneider v. United States, 225 U.S. 347, found at http://ftp.resource.org/courts.

 

Hunt v. United States, 278 U.S. 96, 1928.

 

Kleppe v. New Mexico, 426 U.S. 529 (1976), "Find Law for Legal Professionals" at http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com .

 

Luther W. Klump v. United States, United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, March 6, 2002. Available at LexisNexis at http://www.lexisone.com/

 

McKelvey v. U.S., U.S. Supreme Court, 260 U.S. 353, No. 106, 1922.

 

Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp Act, Codified at Title 16 United States Code section 718-718j.

 

Minnesota v. Block, 660 F. 2d. 1240, 1981.

 

National Forest System Drug Control Act of 1986.

 

Sikes Act, see generally Title 16 United States Code section 670.

 

State of Arkansas v. Schlierholz, U.S. Supreme Court, 179 U.S. 598 (1900).

 

United States v. Alford, 274 U.S. 264, 266, 1927.

 

United States v. Brown, 552 F. 2d. 817, 1977.

 

United States v. Frank William Ruckman, United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, No. 85-2731, December 18, 1986.

 

United States v. Grimaud, 220 U.S. 506, 1911.

 

United States v. Hells Canyon Guide Service, Inc., 660 F 2d. 735, 1981.

 

United States v. Lindsey, 595 F 2d. 5, 1979.

 

United States of America vs. Louis Henry McKey and Phyllis L. Gould, Central District of California, No. 78-4362-F, Reporter’s Transcript of Proceedings, Los Angeles, California, November 21, 1978.

 

United States of America vs. Louis Henry McKey and Phyllis L. Gould, Central District of California, No. 78-4362-F, Reporter’s Transcript of Proceedings, Los Angeles, California, May 25, 1979.

 

United States of America vs. Louis Henry McKey and Phyllis L. Gould, Central District of California, No. 78-4362-F, Reporter’s Transcript of Proceedings, Stipulation for Dismissal with Prejudice and Order Thereon, Los Angeles, California, August 27, 1979.

 

United States v. Nye County, Nevada, Order, Case No. CV-5-95-232-LDG, U.S. District Court, District of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, March 14, 1996.

 

United States v. Sandoval, United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit, January 24, 2000. Available at http://caselaw.findlaw.com/ .

 

United States v. Semenza, United States District Court, District of Montana, CR 85-18-BU-CCL, September 19, 1986.

 

United States v. Shumway, No. 95-4101, 96-4000, United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit, May 6, 1997, available at FindLaw for Legal Professionals at http://caselaw.findlaw.com .

 

United Stares v. Smull, U.S. Supreme Court, 236 U.S. 405, No. 598, 1915.